Big Ben London
Big Ben London

History of London

The history of London is rather colourful and long. London is situated on the banks of the River Thames. I have attempted to describe the key times here. For those who are looking for more information. I suggest the British Library on Euston Road is the best source of detailed information on the History of London.

London is the seat of the Government of the United Kingdom and the country’s financial centre. The city has used its privileged location in southeastern England to its advantage, having always been a densely populated and wealthy area.

Ancient Romans founded a port and trading settlement called Londinium in 43 A.D., and a few years later a bridge was constructed across the Thames to facilitate commerce and troop movements. But in 60 A.D., Celtic queen Boudicca led an army to sack the city, which was burned to the ground in the first of many fires to destroy London.

The city was soon rebuilt but burned again about 125 A.D. More rebuilding occurred, and within a few generations, the population exceeded 40,000 people. After the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 A.D., however, the city was attacked numerous times by Vikings and other raiders, and soon London was largely abandoned.

Notable times in the History of London were first recorded when Romans invaded the city. The key notable times are described below:

The Roman London – London at the times of Roman invasion

The Saxon London – London at the times of Anglo-Saxon Rule

The Medieval London

The Tudor London

The Georgian London

The Victorian London

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